What is this disease?
- Hydrocephalus is defined as excess cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) accumulation in the head caused by a disturbance of formation, flow, or absorption. Although there are a number of causes of infantile hydrocephalus, the condition is most associated with the congenital anomalies neural tube defect/spina bifida and aqueductal stenosis.
- Antenatal scans, clinical examination, USG after birth, MRI are useful in diagnosis. There may be weakness of lower limbs and urological problems.
- Surgical repair of neural tube defect and drainage of CSF (VP shunt/endoscopic third ventriculostomy-ETV) are treatment options. In neonates, VP shunt is commonly done for hydrocephalus.
- The surgery depends upon clinical situation and associated anomalies of the child and treating team decided about optimal time of surgery.
- In indicated cases, surgery is the treatment option.
- Read “All you need to know before your child’s surgery” information booklet in website.
- The surgery is done to repair the dura and cover it with skin. The VP shunt is a tube which drains water from brain to abdomen and is placed surgically.
- For more details of surgery, contact your surgeon.
- Few photographs of steps done by me is given here for learning purposes